Wholesale gas prices in the Netherlands and the UK have risen 20 percent recently amid concerns about Russian supplies.
The EU plans to cut its dependence on Russian gas by two-thirds this year and stop importing Russian fossil fuels by 2027. Russia exported about 155 billion cubic meters of gas to the EU in 2021.
The US recently said it would try to supply 15bn cubic meters of LNG to the EU this year. U.S. LNG plants are running at full capacity, and analysts say much of the extra gas the U.S. sends to Europe comes from what should have been exported elsewhere.
The German government called Russia "an unreliable energy supplier". Even though the German government claimed that they have been preparing for the situation for a long time that Russia may stop sending gas one day, experts say it is hard for the EU to replace all of Russia's gas exports any time soon.
The supply and prices of many amorphous graphite will continue to be influenced by international situations.
Amorphous graphite is usually formed by contact metamorphism of anthracite coal seams with metamorphic agents (e.g. tectonic stress, magma, etc.). The result is microcrystalline graphite, often referred to as amorphous graphite.
In a few cases, regional metamorphism can result in amorphous graphite if larger metamorphic agents come into contact with the anthracite coal seam. However, this regional metamorphism is less common and a single joint of graphite is usually found.
As amorphous graphite is made by the metamorphism of anthracite coal seams, graphite itself is a seam mineral (rather than a vein mineral).
As a joint mineral, amorphous graphite tends to have a higher ash content than other types of natural graphite. This is a result of the deposition of other organic matter by the metamorphic agent as it interacts with the anthracite. After all, coal production environments are often rich in organic matter. In addition, graphite material may be free or mechanically attached to quartz or other materials.
The added organic material makes amorphous graphite the least graphitic of the three natural graphites. It is relatively poorly crystalline, typically showing a graphite content of 20% to 40% after mining. In contrast, other forms of natural graphite can have graphite contents of up to 90%.
Although all natural graphite must be processed before it can be used, amorphous graphite must be processed most extensively because of its low graphite content.
What are the good uses of amorphous graphite?
While not suitable for all uses, amorphous graphite has many applications. Its high heat resistance makes it suitable for manufacturing and is commonly used in crucibles, molds, ladles, sinks and nozzles. Even the electrodes of many metallurgical furnaces and the lining of iron blast furnaces are made of amorphous graphite.
In steel production, amorphous graphite can be added as a recarburizer to improve strength and durability.
In other industries, amorphous graphite is used to make brake pads, clutch material, washers and pencil leads. Pencil leads are usually made of the lowest quality amorphous graphite, and this particular use is mainly in China.
High-quality Amorphous graphite supplier
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Gas prices in European countries are expected to triple if Russian supplies are restricted, according to a press release from Rystad Energy, a Norwegian Energy consultancy.
The price of natural gas in Europe was $1,200 per 1,000 cubic meters on Tuesday. The benchmark price is already 300 percent higher than a year ago. European gas prices are expected to continue to soar to $3,500 per 1,000 cubic meters if Russian supplies are restricted, according to Analysis by Monitor.
In 2021, Russia delivered 155 billion cubic meters of gas to Europe, accounting for 31 percent of its gas supply, according to an analysis by Monitor Advisors. It would be difficult for Europe to replace Russian gas, which would also destabilize the global LNG market and have a profound impact on Europe's population and economy.
The analysis also said that if Russia stopped supplies now, Europe's current gas reserves would be exhausted by the end of the year, setting in for a cold winter.
In addition, affected by the geopolitical factors, the supply of the amorphous graphite is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.
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