Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the TC4.
Introduction to Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder
TC4 titanium alloy material, also known as Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy, belongs to the (α+β) type titanium alloy. It has good comprehensive mechanical properties, good stability of the structure, good toughness, plasticity, and high-temperature deformation performance. It can be better for hot pressure processing, quenching, and aging to strengthen the alloy. The strength after heat treatment is about 50%~100% higher than that after annealing. It has high strength at high temperatures and can work at 400℃~500℃ temperature for a long time.
TC4 also has good low-temperature performance. It still has good toughness below -196℃and, therefore, is used to manufacture low-temperature high-pressure vessels, such as liquid hydrogen fuel tanks for rockets and missiles.
Physicochemical Properties of Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder
TC4 titanium alloy material is characterized by lightweight, excellent mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. In addition, it has low thermal conductivity and is non-magnetic.
Titanium-based metal, as a new type of metal, its properties depend on other elements like carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, etc. In general, it has:
1, high strength. Titanium typically has a density of 4.51 grams per cubic centimeter, only 60 percent of that of steel. The density of pure titanium is similar to that of ordinary steel, and the strength of some high-strength titanium alloys is higher than that of many alloy structural steel. Therefore, the specific strength (strength/density) of titanium alloy is much higher than that of other metallic structural materials.
2, high thermal strength. At medium temperature, titanium alloy can still maintain the required strength and can work at 450~500℃ for a long time.
3, good corrosion resistance. Titanium alloy works in a humid atmosphere and seawater medium, its corrosion resistance is far better than stainless steel pitting corrosion, acid corrosion, stress corrosion especially strong alkali, chloride, chlorine organic matter, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and so on.
4, good low-temperature performance. Titanium alloys can still maintain mechanical properties at low and ultra-low temperatures. TA7 is a titanium alloy with good low-temperature performance and very low gap elements, which can maintain certain plasticity at -253℃. Therefore, titanium alloy is also an important low-temperature structural material.
5, high chemical activity. Titanium has high chemical activity and has a strong chemical reaction with oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, CO, CO2, water vapor, ammonia, and so on in the atmosphere. When the carbon content is greater than 0.2%, hard TiC is formed in titanium, and a hard TiN surface is formed at high temperatures. When the carbon content is above 600℃, titanium can absorb oxygen and form a hard hardening layer. At high temperatures, with the increase of hydrogen content, a hard hardening layer is formed. After inhalation, the depth of the hard brittle surface can reach 0.1~0.15mm, and the hard brittle surface can reach 20%~30%. Its chemical affinity is also strong, and easy to adhere to the friction surface.
6, small thermal conductivity elasticity. The thermal conductivity of the titanium system is about 1/4 of nickel, 1/5 of iron, 1/14 of aluminum, and the thermal conductivity of various titanium alloys is about 50%. The elastic modulus of titanium is about 1/2 that of steel, with poor stiffness and easy deformation. It is not suitable for slender rods and thin-walled parts.
|Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder Properties|
|Other Names||Ti6Al4V Powder, TC4 Powder|
|Compound Formula||TA0,TA1,TC4,TC4 ELI,TC11,TC17,TC18,TC21,TA7,TA12,TA15,TA17,TA19,
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
Applications of Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder
Ti6Al4V is used in many high-performance engineering applications, such as aerospace, automotive, and medical device manufacturing.
Aerospace: Components for jet engines
Manufacturing: Industrial turbines
Medical: implants, artificial bones
In the petrochemical industry: In most inorganic salts, TC4 titanium rods are completely inert and have excellent corrosion resistance. For example, in the production of electrolytic Mn02, the electrolyte is a neutral MnSO4 solution, which requires the electrode to be resistant to sulfate corrosion. The effect of a telegraph machine made of lead alloy and graphite is not good. After switching to titanium, the anode is not corroded and becomes a semi-permanent device.
TC4 titanium alloy rod has excellent corrosion resistance in almost all organic acids and organic media except formic acid and oxalic acid. In addition to methanol, titanium also resists corrosion by organic alcohols, aldehydes, and ketones.
For example, in the petrochemical industry, acetic acid is prepared from acetaldehyde. Because acetic acid, acetaldehyde, chloride, and catalyst corrode the stainless steel equipment seriously, titanium material is used to solve the corrosion problem of equipment in acetic acid production. Acetone, for example, can be made from propylene, or titanium production facilities can be used. Japan built a plant with an annual output of 30,000 tons of acetone and used nearly 40 tons of titanium.
Finally, TC4 titanium rods are resistant to wet H2S gas, wet SO4 gas, ammonia, and industrial atmospheres (titanium should be used with particular care in small hydrogen-containing media and pure oxygen).
For example, in the oil refining industry, equipment is often corroded by H2S, NH8, sulfide, chloride, and titanium equipment can solve the corrosion problem. Titanium is mainly used in distillation towers, condensers, air coolers, and other equipment in petroleum refining. Titanium is an ideal corrosion-resistant material in ammonia and urea production.
Main Supplier of Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality Ti6Al4V Powder TC4 Powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the covid-19 pandemic, how will the international situation develop is highly uncertain. It is too difficult to assess its economic impact properly. However, we could see energy prices and commodity prices keep rising and supply chains are disrupted. Therefore, TC4 prices are expected to rise in the future.
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